Alfama

alfama

What does Alfama mean in Portuguese?

The Alfama (Portuguese pronunciation: [aɫˈfɐmɐ]) is the oldest district of Lisbon, spreading on the slope between the São Jorge Castle and the Tejo river. Its name comes from the Arabic Al-hamma (الحَمّة), meaning hot fountains or baths.

What happened to Alfama in Lisbon?

Alfama became inhabited by the fishermen and the poor, and its condition as the neighbourhood of the poor continues to this day. The 1755 Lisbon earthquake did not destroy the Alfama, which has remained a labyrinth of narrow streets and small squares.

How did Alfama become a Moorish city?

It was settled as far back as the Iron Age, and later occupied by the Romans, Visigoths and other Germanic tribes, before becoming the heart of Moorish Lisbon. With the conquest of the city by Portugal’s first king in 1147, the Moors were either killed in the siege or segregated in Mouraria, and Alfama became home to the upper classes.

What is it like to live in Alfama?

Alfama provides numerous narrow,curving streets to explore as you wander through the hills. The walking can be challenging if you have mobility or endurance issues. The tram 28 travels through this neighborhood so it can be enjoyed that way as well.

What does Alfama mean?

The Alfama ( Portuguese pronunciation: [aɫˈfɐmɐ]) is the oldest district of Lisbon, spreading on the slope between the São Jorge Castle and the Tejo river. Its name comes from the Arabic Al-hamma ( الحَمّة ), meaning hot fountains or baths. The district includes the freguesias (parishes) of São Miguel, Santo Estêvão,...

What is Alfama in Lisbon known for?

Historically, Alfama was situated outside of the city walls and was associated with poverty and squalor, where only the poor and disadvantaged lived. As Lisbon grew into a major seafaring city, the district retained its lowly status as the tough and deprived district where sailors and dock workers lived.

What is Alfama like to visit?

Today, Alfama has shrugged off this grim reputation, and has transformed into a fashionable and artisan district, but still retains its unique character and rich heritage. For visitors, Alfama is a joy to visit and is often best explored by simply getting lost within the labyrinth of alleys and side streets.

How did Alfama become a Moorish city?

It was settled as far back as the Iron Age, and later occupied by the Romans, Visigoths and other Germanic tribes, before becoming the heart of Moorish Lisbon. With the conquest of the city by Portugal’s first king in 1147, the Moors were either killed in the siege or segregated in Mouraria, and Alfama became home to the upper classes.

What happened to the Moors in Alfama?

With the conquest of the city by Portugal’s first king in 1147, the Moors were either killed in the siege or segregated in Mouraria, and Alfama became home to the upper classes. It was also the Jewish quarter, until the Jews were expelled (together with all other non-Christians who didn’t convert) in 1497.

What is the history of Alfama in Portugal?

With the reconquest of the first King of Portugal, Afonso Henriques in 1147, Don Moors and Jews were in Alfama and other neighbouring districts of Lisbon, as the Mouraria, but as Alfama was very far from real power, was politically autonomous until the 16th century with regard to the Jews until the 18TH century in relation to the Moors.

What to do in Alfama?

In the slopes of Alfama there are other terraces ( miradouros) from which to see the city, like the Miradouro de Santa Luzia, near the church of the same name and over remnants of the Moorish city walls, and the Miradouro das Portas do Sol (Gates of the Sun).

How to get to Alfama district of Lisbon?

Insider tip: There are many hills in Alfama, and for any tour of the district we recommend taking the number 28 tram up to the highest point, the Largo da Graça (1), and wandering in a generally downhill direction. Ride the number 28 Tram from central Lisbon up to the Largo da Graça (1), which is on the edge of the Graça district.

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