Roots torres vedras

roots torres vedras

What is Torres Vedras famous for?

Torres Vedras is perhaps most famous as the place where the Arthur Wellesley, later the Duke of Wellington, built a line of interlinking fortifications ( Lines of Torres Vedras) during the Peninsular War (1807-1814) to keep Napoleons French forces at bay.

Who built the lines of Torres Vedras?

Arthur Wellesley, later the Duke of Wellington and Marquess of Torres Vedras, would begin the construction (1809–1810) of the Lines of Torres Vedras that would extend to the sea. This fortified system, which included 152 forts and 628 redoubts, was marked by the Fort of São Vicente, in Torres Vedras.

What was the result of the Battle of Torres Vedras?

Over 10,000 troops were involved in the bloody Battle of Torres Vedras, which resulted in the surrender of the Counts forces on 23 December 1846. The deaths of 400 men and 500 wounded, that included Lieutenant-Colonel Luís Mouzinho de Albuquerque, a liberal officer who disembarked in Mindelo and was later buried in the Church of São Pedro.

What are Wellingtons lines of Torres Vedras?

Wellingtons Lines of Torres Vedras were built between 1809 and 1810 by local Portuguese and included 152 forts and over 600 smaller redoubts. They stretched 40 km from the mouth of the Rio Sizandro on the coast to Alhandra on the Tagus. Many are still visible today and walking the Lines has become something of a tourist attraction in recent years.

What is the significance of the Torres Vedras?

In the 19th century, during the Napoleonic invasions, Torres Vedras had a very important role, because it was the scene of the beginning of the retreat of the French army and Napoleons loss of hegemony in Europe.

Who ordered the construction of the Torres Vedras?

Named after the nearby town of Torres Vedras, they were ordered by Arthur Wellesley, Viscount Wellington, constructed by Sir Richard Fletcher, 1st Baronet, and his Portuguese workers between November 1809 and September 1810, and used to stop Marshal Massénas 1810 offensive.

What is the population of Torres Vedras in Portugal?

The resident population of the city of Torres Vedras (approximately 20,000 inhabitants in two largest urban parishes) represents about 25% of the population of the municipality. Torres Vedras has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate with mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers.

What are Wellingtons lines of Torres Vedras?

Wellingtons Lines of Torres Vedras were built between 1809 and 1810 by local Portuguese and included 152 forts and over 600 smaller redoubts. They stretched 40 km from the mouth of the Rio Sizandro on the coast to Alhandra on the Tagus. Many are still visible today and walking the Lines has become something of a tourist attraction in recent years.

What was the purpose of the lines of Torres Vedras?

Lines of Torres Vedras. The Lines of Torres Vedras were lines of forts and other military defences built in secrecy to defend Lisbon during the Peninsular War.

Who ordered the construction of the Torres Vedras?

Named after the nearby town of Torres Vedras, they were ordered by Arthur Wellesley, Viscount Wellington, constructed by Sir Richard Fletcher, 1st Baronet, and his Portuguese workers between November 1809 and September 1810, and used to stop Marshal Massénas 1810 offensive.

How many stations are there on the Torres Vedras line?

while on the Second Line, five stations have been identified at: A monument commemorating the victory of the Anglo-Portuguese troops over the French armies and the construction of the Torres Vedras Lines was approved in 1874 and finished in 1883.

What is the ISBN number for the lines of Torres Vedras?

ISBN 9780786747320. Grehan, John (20 January 2016). The Lines of Torres Vedras: The Cornerstone of Wellingtons Strategy in the Peninsular War 1809–1812. Spellmount. ISBN 9781473852747.

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