Papua new guinea

papua new guinea

Where is Papua New Guinea?

Where is Papua New Guinea? Papua New Guinea is an island nation in Oceania located in southwestern Pacific Ocean. It occupies the eastern half of New Guinea (the world’s 2 nd largest island) and includes numerous offshore islands. Papua New Guinea is geographically positioned both in the Southern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth.

What is the capital of New Guinea?

Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua. It is the worlds 3rd largest island country with 462,840 km 2 (178,700 sq mi).

What is the ecozone of Papua New Guinea?

Ecology. Papua New Guinea is part of the Australasia ecozone, which also includes Australia, New Zealand, eastern Indonesia, and several Pacific island groups, including the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu . Geologically, the island of New Guinea is a northern extension of the Indo-Australian tectonic plate,...

Why is Papua New Guinea also called the Spice Islands?

When Portuguese and Spanish explorers arrived in the island via the Spice Islands, they also referred to the island as Papua.

Is Papua New Guinea a country?

Papua New Guinea is a megadiverse country . Many of the other islands within PNG territory, including New Britain, New Ireland, Bougainville, the Admiralty Islands, the Trobriand Islands, and the Louisiade Archipelago, were never linked to New Guinea by land bridges.

Where is Papua located?

Papua is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia, comprising most of Western New Guinea. Papua is bordered by the nation of Papua New Guinea to the east, and by West Papua province to the west. Since 2002, Papua province has special autonomy status, making it a special region.

What is the ecozone of Papua New Guinea?

Ecology. Papua New Guinea is part of the Australasia ecozone, which also includes Australia, New Zealand, eastern Indonesia, and several Pacific island groups, including the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu . Geologically, the island of New Guinea is a northern extension of the Indo-Australian tectonic plate,...

What is the land shape of Papua New Guinea?

From the western border the land tapers-with a substantial indentation in the south coast formed by the Gulf of Papua-to a fingerlike shape that points southeast toward the D’Entrecasteaux Islands and the Louisiade Archipelago. Off the mainland are a number of small islands and island groups scattered to the north and east and, farther northeas...

Where is Papua New Guinea located?

At 462,840 km 2 (178,704 sq mi), Papua New Guinea is the worlds 54th largest country and the 3rd largest island country. Papua New Guinea is part of the Australasian realm, which also includes Australia, New Zealand, eastern Indonesia, and several Pacific island groups, including the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.

What are the terrestrial ecoregions of Papua New Guinea?

PNG includes a number of terrestrial ecoregions : Admiralty Islands lowland rain forests – forested islands to the north of the mainland, home to a distinct flora. Green tropical rainforest of Papua New Guinea bears a sharp contrast to nearby arid Australia.

What is the climate like in Papua New Guinea?

Papua New Guinea is rich in various species of reptiles, indigenous freshwater fish and birds, but it is almost devoid of large mammals. The climate on the island is essentially tropical, but it varies by region. The maximum mean temperature in the lowlands is 30 to 32 °C, and the minimum 23-24 °C.

What are the major natural resources of Papua New Guinea?

Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, including mineral and renewable resources, such as forests, marine (including a large portion of the worlds major tuna stocks), and in some parts agriculture.

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